Crate training is often the best choice – while learning while learning not to soil in the house, your puppy also learns to accept the crate as a safe, secure area. Dogs instinctively want a safe ‘den’ or resting area and usually learn not to soil it. A crate offers a perfect choice. Many crate-trained dogs will tend to be less anxious when kenneled for any reason at the groomer, veterinarian, or boarding facility, because they are familiar with a crate or kennel environment. It is very important to choose a crate size and type that is appropriates for your pet and uses the crate properly. The goal is to train your puppy to soil only in a designed spot outside, in a litter box or a papered area.
Paper or Litter Box Training
Paper or litter box training is appropriate for small dogs that will not have regular access to the outdoors. Your puppy should immediately be taken to the designated area upon waking in the morning, and frequently throughout the day. Praise the puppy when he/she uses the area to pass wastes. Do not leave young puppies crated all day. Puppies 6-8 weeks old should be crated for no more than 4 hours at a time. As the puppy grows, crating time can gradually be lengthened to a maximum of 18-20 weeks of age.
Immediately Clean up Accidents
Immediately clean up accidents and use an odor remover. If you catch your puppy having an accident, take him/her immediately to the designated soil area. You may even need to leave a small amount of waste in the spot to help your puppy understand that this is his/her toilet area. Don’t discipline the puppy if you find an accident after the fact. He/she will not understand what the scolding is for. Many good training materials exist to help you?books, videos, Professional trainers, and pet care associates.
Paper training may be an acceptable a lternative for a small apartment dog whose person is not able to take him outside regularly. In this case, substitute papers (always in remote corner and always in the same, easily cleaned spot) for the outdoors and proceed as above. Consider putting the papers on the floor in the corner of an indoor exercise pen. A variety of pens that are easy to assemble and clean are available. You might also consider housebreaking pads, which have a scent that attracts puppies to urinate in your chose spot.